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    Claudia R. Williamson and Rachel L. Coyne, "Culture and Freedom

    Johnathan R. Razorback
    Johnathan R. Razorback

    Messages : 5783
    Date d'inscription : 12/08/2013
    Localisation : France

    Claudia R. Williamson and Rachel L. Coyne, "Culture and Freedom Empty Claudia R. Williamson and Rachel L. Coyne, "Culture and Freedom

    Message par Johnathan R. Razorback le Dim 1 Juil - 21:46



    "Economists have long argued that the formal institutions associated with eco
    nomic freedom have a positive link with economic success. “Since the time of
    Adam Smith, if not before, economists and economic historians have argued that
    the freedom to choose and supply resources, competition in business, trade with
    others, and secure property rights are central ingredients for economic progress”
    (De Haan and Sturm, 2000: 3). Innumerable studies have established the positive
    correlation between economic and political freedom and economic growth (Gold
    smith, 1995; Leblang, 1996; Scully, 1992) and economic freedom and growth
    (Berggren, 2003; Gwartney et al., 1996; Scully and Slottje, 1991). Other studies
    have demonstrated the link between particular institutions of economic freedom
    and economic growth. For example, empirical studies have linked private prop
    erty rights to economic growth (Berggren and Karlson, 2005; Goldsmith, 1995;
    Torstensson, 1994). Perhaps the most popular measure for economic freedom is
    the Economic Freedom of the World Index, which groups components of eco
    nomic freedom into the following categories: size of government; legal structure
    and security of property rights; access to sound money; freedom to trade interna
    tionally; and regulation of credit, labor, and business (Gwartney et al., 2011). De
    Haan et al., (2006) survey the literature using this index and find support for the
    positive relationship between economic freedom and economic growth.
    Though these studies, and many more, have provided ample evidence of the
    importance of economic freedom for economic growth, they do not speak to the
    effect of culture, or informal institutions, on economic growth. Empirical studies
    on the impact of culture on economic outcomes demonstrate a strong relation

    "Where culture is inconsistent with economic freedom, installing the formal institutions associated with economic freedom, such as rule of law, protection of private property, and enforcement of contracts, will still have a positive impact but not as strong an impact as where the culture is consistent with economic freedom. Where there is a mismatch between formal and informal institutions, the formal institutions of economic freedom will not have the backing of local norms and values. This makes the creation of binding, enforceable constraints difficult and costly. It is in this way that culture can impact the productivity of economic freedom for better or worse. Perhaps the biggest conclusion that can be drawn from this work is the importance of economic freedom, both culturally and within formal institutions, for economic success. In our efforts to ameliorate suffering and eliminate world poverty, we would do best to remember that liberty is the key. Establishing both the cultural values associated with liberty and the formal institutions of economic freedom is the road out of serfdom." (p.99-100)
    -Claudia R. Williamson and Rachel L. Coyne, "Culture and Freedom", in Joshua C. Hall (dir.), "The Annual Proceedings of the Wealth and Well-Being of Nations, 2013-2014", Volume VI, 2014, Beloit College Press, pp.83-104.

    « La racine de toute doctrine erronée se trouve dans une erreur philosophique. [...] Le rôle des penseurs vrais, mais aussi une tâche de tout homme libre, est de comprendre les possibles conséquences de chaque principe ou idée, de chaque décision avant qu'elle se change en action, afin d'exclure aussi bien ses conséquences nuisibles que la possibilité de tromperie. » -Jacob Sher, Avertissement contre le socialisme, Introduction à « Tableaux de l'avenir social-démocrate » d'Eugen Richter, avril 1998.

    "La vraie volupté est remportée comme une victoire sur la tristesse [...] Il n’y a pas de grands voluptueux sans une certaine mélancolie, pas de mélancoliques qui ne soient des voluptueux trahis." -Albert Thibaudet, La vie de Maurice Barrès, in Trente ans de vie française, volume 2, Éditions de la Nouvelle Revue Française, 1919, 312 pages, p.40.

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