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    Richard Kraut, What Is Good and Why. The Ethics of Well-Being + Against Absolute Goodness

    Johnathan R. Razorback
    Johnathan R. Razorback
    Admin


    Messages : 11100
    Date d'inscription : 12/08/2013
    Localisation : France

    Richard Kraut, What Is Good and Why. The Ethics of Well-Being + Against Absolute Goodness Empty Richard Kraut, What Is Good and Why. The Ethics of Well-Being + Against Absolute Goodness

    Message par Johnathan R. Razorback Sam 30 Juil - 16:15

    https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Kraut

    https://1lib.fr/book/1091575/3b952e

    https://1lib.fr/book/1260652/298270?dsource=recommend


    " [Chapter one: In search of Good]

    " [Chapter two: Good, Conation, and Pleasure]

    " [Chapter three: Prolegomenon to Flourishing]

    "Flourishing is primarily a biological phenomenon: “flower” and “flourish” are cognates. Above all, it is plants, animals, and human beings that flourish when conditions are favorable. They do so by developing properly and fully, that is, by growing, maturing, making full use of the potentialities, capacities, and faculties that (under favorable conditions) they naturally have at an early stage of their existence. Anything that impedes that development or the exercise of those mature faculties—disease, the sapping of vigor and strength, injuries, the loss of organs—is bad for them." (p.131)

    "Living things are not the only things for which some things are good and other things bad. Some things are good for a car, other things bad. But truths about what is good for a car depend on truths about the ways in which they serve the good of human beings. They are designed to improve conditions for living beings. So we can say: everything that is good for S, whether S is living or not, either promotes or is part of flourishing. What is good for an artifact like a car is what promotes flourishing—not the flourishing of the car, of course (since there is no such thing), but the flourishing of human beings." (p.132)
    -Richard Kraut, What Is Good and Why. The Ethics of Well-Being, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2007, 286 pages.




    _________________
    « La question n’est pas de constater que les gens vivent plus ou moins pauvrement, mais toujours d’une manière qui leur échappe. » -Guy Debord, Critique de la séparation (1961).

    « Rien de grand ne s’est jamais accompli dans le monde sans passion. » -Hegel, La Raison dans l'Histoire.

    « Mais parfois le plus clair regard aime aussi l’ombre. » -Friedrich Hölderlin, "Pain et Vin".


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