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    Janet Biehl & Peter Staudenmaier, L'écologie fasciste : l'« aile verte » du parti nazi et ses antécédents historiques + Ecofascisme : leçons de l’expérience allemande + Mark Musser, The Green Nazi Deep Ecology of Martin Heidegger

    Johnathan R. Razorback
    Johnathan R. Razorback

    Messages : 10763
    Date d'inscription : 12/08/2013
    Localisation : France

    Janet Biehl & Peter Staudenmaier, L'écologie fasciste : l'« aile verte » du parti nazi et  ses antécédents historiques + Ecofascisme : leçons de l’expérience allemande + Mark Musser, The Green Nazi Deep Ecology of Martin Heidegger Empty Janet Biehl & Peter Staudenmaier, L'écologie fasciste : l'« aile verte » du parti nazi et ses antécédents historiques + Ecofascisme : leçons de l’expérience allemande + Mark Musser, The Green Nazi Deep Ecology of Martin Heidegger

    Message par Johnathan R. Razorback Mar 8 Mar - 6:48



    Peter Staudenmaier, L'écologie fasciste : l'« aile verte » du parti nazi et ses antécédents historiques, traduit par Alain Cohen-Dumouchel, octobre 2019 (1995 pour la publication états-unienne de l'article et de l'ouvrage Ecofascism: Lessons from the German Experience): https://www.academia.edu/40690295/Lécologie_fasciste_l_aile_verte_du_parti_nazi_et_ses_antécédents_historiques

    Leçons de l'expérience allemande: http://www.larevolutionencharentaises.com/spip.php?article176

    "During the Third Reich, Staudenmaier goes on to show, Nazi "ecologists" even made organic farming, vegetarianism, nature worship, and related themes into key elements not only in their ideology but in their governmental policies. Moreover, Nazi "ecological" ideology was used to justify the destruction of European Jewry. Yet some of the themes that Nazi ideologists articulated bear an uncomfortably close resemblance to themes familiar to ecologically concerned people today."

    "We recognize that separating humanity from nature, from the whole of life, leads to humankind’s own destruction and to the death of nations. Only through a re-integration of humanity into the whole of nature can our people be made stronger. That is the fundamental point of the biological tasks of our age. Humankind alone is no longer the focus of thought, but rather life as a whole . . . This striving toward connectedness with the totality of life, with nature itself, a nature into which we are born, this is the deepest meaning and the true essence of National Socialist thought." -Ernst Lehmann, Biologischer Wille. Wege und Ziele biologischer Arbeit im neuen Reich, München, 1934, pp. 10-11. Lehmann was a professor of botany who characterized National Socialism as "politically applied biology."

    "Riehl was an implacable opponent of the rise of industrialism and urbanization; his overtly antisemitic glorification of rural peasant values and undifferentiated condemnation of modernity established him as the "founder of agrarian romanticism and anti-urbanism."

    These latter two fixations matured in the second half of the nineteenth century in the context of the völkisch movement, a powerful cultural disposition and social tendency which united ethnocentric populism with nature mysticism.

    "The emergence of modern ecology forged the final link in the fateful chain which bound together aggressive nationalism, mystically charged racism, and environmentalist predilections. In 1867 the German zoologist Ernst Haeckel coined the term 'ecology' and began to establish it as a scientific discipline dedicated to studying the interactions between organism and environment. Haeckel was also the chief popularizer of Darwin and evolutionary theory for the German-speaking world, and developed a peculiar sort of social darwinist philosophy he called 'monism.' The German Monist League he founded combined scientifically based ecological holism with völkisch social views. Haeckel believed in nordic racial superiority, strenuously opposed race mixing and enthusiastically supported racial eugenics. His fervent nationalism became fanatical with the onset of World War I, and he fulminated in antisemitic tones against the post-war Council Republic in Bavaria."

    "The Nazi movement's incorporation of environmentalist themes was a crucial factor in its rise to popularity and state power."

    "When people attempt to rebel against the iron logic of nature, they come into conflict with the very same principles to which they owe their existence as human beings. Their actions against nature must lead to their own downfall." -Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf,  München, 1935, p. 314.

    "Darré was one of the party's chief "race theorists" and was also instrumental in galvanizing peasant support for the Nazis during the critical period of the early 1930s. From 1933 until 1942 he held the posts of Reich Peasant Leader and Minister of Agriculture. This was no minor fiefdom; the agriculture ministry had the fourth largest budget of all the myriad Nazi ministries even well into the war.38 From this position Darré was able to lend vital support to various ecologically oriented initiatives."

    "It was largely Darré's influence in the Nazi apparatus which yielded, in practice, a level of government support for ecologically sound farming methods and land use planning unmatched by any state before or since."

    "With Hess's enthusiastic backing, the "green wing" was able to achieve its most notable successes. As early as March 1933, a wide array of environmentalist legislation was approved and implemented at national, regional and local levels. These measures, which included reforestation programs, bills protecting animal and plant species, and preservationist decrees blocking industrial development, undoubtedly "ranked among the most progressive in the world at that time." Planning ordinances were designed for the protection of wildlife habitat and at the same time demanded respect for the sacred German forest. The Nazi state also created the first nature preserves in Europe."

    "Even the most laudable of causes can be perverted and instrumentalized in the service of criminal savagery. The "green wing" of the NSDAP was not a group of innocents, confused and manipulated idealists, or reformers from within; they were conscious promoters and executors of a vile program explicitly dedicated to inhuman racist violence, massive political repression and worldwide military domination. Their 'ecological' involvements, far from offsetting these fundamental commitments, deepened and radicalized them."

    "The experience of the "green wing" of German fascism is a sobering reminder of the political volatility of ecology."

    ""Ecology" alone does not prescribe a politics; it must be interpreted, mediated through some theory of society in order to acquire political meaning. [...] An 'ecological' orientation alone, outside of a critical social framework, is dangerously unstable. The record of fascist ecology shows that under the right conditions such an orientation can quickly lead to barbarism.."


    "Technology based on the globalist forces of the Enlightenment is inauthentic and locally destructive to the native German peoples (das volk) since it has been uprooted by the 'liberal' Jewification of society."

    "Heidegger's fascism is built on environmental existentialism rather than biological scientism."

    « La question n’est pas de constater que les gens vivent plus ou moins pauvrement, mais toujours d’une manière qui leur échappe. » -Guy Debord, Critique de la séparation (1961).

    « Rien de grand ne s’est jamais accompli dans le monde sans passion. » -Hegel, La Raison dans l'Histoire.

    « Mais parfois le plus clair regard aime aussi l’ombre. » -Friedrich Hölderlin, "Pain et Vin".

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