L'Académie nouvelle

Vous souhaitez réagir à ce message ? Créez un compte en quelques clics ou connectez-vous pour continuer.
L'Académie nouvelle

Forum d'archivage politique et scientifique


    Robert L. Arrington, Rationalism, Realism, and Relativism: Perspectives in Contemporary Moral Epistemology

    Johnathan R. Razorback
    Johnathan R. Razorback
    Admin


    Messages : 9917
    Date d'inscription : 12/08/2013
    Localisation : France

    Robert L. Arrington, Rationalism, Realism, and Relativism: Perspectives in Contemporary Moral Epistemology  Empty Robert L. Arrington, Rationalism, Realism, and Relativism: Perspectives in Contemporary Moral Epistemology

    Message par Johnathan R. Razorback Lun 14 Mai - 14:37

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Arrington

    "The study of ethics underwent some dramatic changes in direction during the 1970s and 1980s. During the previous three decades metaethical noncognitivism has been the predominant point of view [...] This noncognitivist perspective came under critical scrutiny as early as the late 1950s, and by the 1970s its authority began to be undermined. [...] Moral skeptics, who never altogether disappear from view, changed their tactics. No longer appealing to noncognitivist argument, they opted instaed for relativistic considerations or developed novel interpretations of moral judgments such as the error theory." (p.1)

    "The dominant ethical problems of the mid-twentieth century were metaethical, relating to questions about the meaning of moral terms and the nature and structure of moral reasoning." (p.2)

    "The standard sources for the theory of emotivism are A. J. Ayer, Language, Truth, and Logic (New York: Dorer, 1946), and Charles L. Stevenson, Ethics and Language (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1944). Important responses to emotivism are found in Stephen Toulmin, The Place of Reason in Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1950) ; P. H. Nowell-Smith, Ethics (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1954) ; Paul Edwards, The Logic of Moral Discourse (New York: Free Press, 1955) ; Carl Wellman, The Language of Ethics (Cambridge: Havard University Press, 1961) ; Kurt Baier, The Moral Point of View (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1958) ; and R. B. Brandt, Ethical Theory (Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1959)." (p.3)
    -Robert L. Arrington, Rationalism, Realism, and Relativism: Perspectives in Contemporary Moral Epistemology, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1989, 321 pages.



    _________________
    « La question n’est pas de constater que les gens vivent plus ou moins pauvrement, mais toujours d’une manière qui leur échappe. »
    -Guy Debord, Critique de la séparation (1961).

    « Rien de grand ne s’est jamais accompli dans le monde sans passion. »
    -Hegel, La Raison dans l'Histoire.


      La date/heure actuelle est Ven 3 Déc - 0:48