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    Jerome Huyler, Was Locke a Liberal ?

    Johnathan R. Razorback
    Johnathan R. Razorback
    Admin


    Messages : 11094
    Date d'inscription : 12/08/2013
    Localisation : France

    Jerome Huyler, Was Locke a Liberal ? Empty Jerome Huyler, Was Locke a Liberal ?

    Message par Johnathan R. Razorback Mar 26 Avr - 23:17

    http://www.independent.org/pdf/tir/tir_01_4_huyler.pdf

    "A more careful reading of Locke’s life and thought will reveal a socially active, intellectually commanding liberal theorist thoughtfully rejecting many of the major premises and features now commonly associated with liberalism (and, all too often, with Locke). In Locke’s words and deeds, we encounter a leading liberal openly embracing and sometimes demanding human activities and relationships now commonly considered illiberal." (p.524)

    "Along with Francis Bacon, Locke believed that knowledge was a power to improve the conditions of life for generations to come, and that the cooperative search for and sharing of knowledge would facilitate its advance in the world." (p.528)

    "Locke also could be a generous and humane benefactor to those who needed and deserved encouragement. Lady Damaris Cudworth Mashom, perhaps  the person who knew Locke best, wrote of her dear friend: He was naturally compassionate and exceedingly charitable to those in want. But his charity was always directed to encourage working, laborious, industrious people, and not to relieve idle beggars, to whom he never gave anything....  People who had been industrious, but were through age or infirmity passed labour, he was very bountiful to...[believing not] that they should be kept from starving or extreme misery...[but  that] they had, he said, a right to live comfortably in the world." (p.529)

    "It is not stretching things to say Locke devoted his entire life to patriotic service and the welfare of his country." (p.533)

    "The market rate of interest, he declared, should float as freely as the rate fetched by any other market commodity, such as land. The taking of interest and the taking of rent, he maintained, are morally equivalent and just. Therefore, public interference in the market’s allowance for interest taking or rent taking is a denial of justice." (p.536)

    "Because for Locke all political reasoning proceeds from the premise of human equality—that is, every individual being born with inherent, indefeasible rights—the principles of liberty and property apply for all. It is not that all men are equal in their native capacities." (p.536)

    "A government that can legitimately redistribute a single dollar, ducat, pence, pound, or parcel of land can, in principle, redistribute all the wealth in the world. This tendency is precisely what Locke’s philosophy of government and Shaftesbury’s resistance movement had to resist." (p.538)
    -Jerome Huyler, Was Locke a Liberal ?, The Independent Review, Vol 1, n°4, spring 1997, pp.523-542.


    _________________
    « La question n’est pas de constater que les gens vivent plus ou moins pauvrement, mais toujours d’une manière qui leur échappe. » -Guy Debord, Critique de la séparation (1961).

    « Rien de grand ne s’est jamais accompli dans le monde sans passion. » -Hegel, La Raison dans l'Histoire.

    « Mais parfois le plus clair regard aime aussi l’ombre. » -Friedrich Hölderlin, "Pain et Vin".


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